Proper wheel alignment ensures optimum drivability. It helps the tires last longer, your vehicle drive smoother and ultimately keeping your wheels pointed in the right direction. An added benefit is that it results in better fuel economy.
There are some noticeable signs that could indicate a misalignment, as given below :
Vehicle pulling in one direction.
Uneven or rapid tire wear.
Your steering wheel is crooked when driving straight.
There are many parts & components in a vehicle’s wheel, axle and suspension systems. Over a period of time, these parts wear out leading to alignment issues. Further, there are many driving related factors which accelerate the process such as hitting the curb, driving over potholes, rough & uneven roads etc.
Inspecting steering & suspension system, including tire condition and pressure.
Putting vehicle on alignment rack and mounting sensors.
Identifying & rectifying the problem.
Wheel balancing, also known as tire balancing, is the process of equalizing the weight of the combined tire & wheel assembly so that it spins smoothly, particularly at high speeds. Balancing involves putting the wheel & tire assembly on a balancer, which centers the wheel and spins it to determine where additional weights are required.
Correct wheel balancing on your car is very important. Unbalanced wheels can cause the tires to wear prematurely, as well as causing accelerated wear of your shock absorbers, struts and steering components. Moreover, the ride would be very uncomfortable – if the wheel is out of balance, it causes vibration at high speeds that can be felt in the steering wheel and/or the seat.
Here are some of the signs that your car’s brake systems needs a check-up :
A grinding sound when you press the brake pedal.
A spongy brake pedal
Car moves longer distance before stopping
The brake warning light illuminating
The brake pedal being hard to press.
Brakes are part of your car’s hydraulic system, allowing you to slow down or stop the car using pressure and friction. As you step on the brake pedal, fluid in the brake system builds up pressure against the brake pads and/or shoes. These pads and shoes then grab onto the metal rotors and drums in the wheel assemblies, effectively slowing or stopping the car. The emergency brake system usually applies the brakes to the rear wheels mechanically or electronically when you activate the hand brake or foot brake.
Most cars use disc and drum brake assemblies in their brake systems. These days cars are fitted with disc brakes on all four wheels; however, some cars (such as light commercial models) still use a drum brake assembly on the rear wheels. As safety performance awareness increases, many car manufacturers are fitting anti-lock braking systems (ABS) – a computer-controlled system – as an added component to prevent wheel lockup and skidding. ABS usually works in conjunction with other vehicle systems such as stability control.
The common symptoms are given below :
Noise when driving over bumps
Uneven tire wear
Suspension systems basically serve dual purpose of safety and comfort :
Contributing to the vehicle’s roadholding, handling and braking for active safety.
Ensuring comfortable ride quality reasonably well-insulated from road noise, bumps and vibrations etc.